March 24, 2015

New Cambridge Companion Online now available

Access to these resources is made possible by a generous donation from the Trinity Western University Graduate Student Association.

The Cambridge companion to liberalism / edited by Steven Wall.

Summary: The political philosophy of liberalism was first formulated during the Enlightenment in response to the growth of the modern nation-state and its authority and power over the individuals living within its boundaries. Liberalism is now the dominant ideology in the Western world, but it covers a broad swathe of different (and sometimes rival) ideas and traditions and its essential features can be hard to define. The Cambridge Companion to Liberalism offers a rich and accessible exploration of liberalism as a tradition of political thought. It includes chapters on the historical development of liberalism, its normative foundations, and its core philosophical concepts, as well as a survey of liberal approaches and responses to a range of important topics including freedom, equality, toleration, religion, and nationalism. The volume will be valuable for students and scholars in political philosophy, political theory, and the history of political thought.

Contents: Introduction / Steven Wall -- Part I. Historical Perspectives: 1. American liberalism from colonialism to the Civil War and beyond / Mark E. Button -- 2. Liberalism and the morality of commercial society / Jeremy Jennings -- 3. Liberalism: 1900-1940 / Alan Ryan -- Part II. Normative Foundations: 4. Contractarianism and the problem of exclusion / Philip Cook -- 5. Public reason liberalism / Gerald F. Gaus -- 6. Autonomy and liberalism: a troubled marriage? / John Christman -- 7. Liberalism, neutrality, and democracy / Steven Wall -- Part III. Topics and Concepts: 8. Contemporary liberalism and toleration / Andrew J. Cohen -- 9. Liberalism and equality / Richard Arneson -- 10. Disagreement and the justification of democracy / Thomas Christiano -- 11. Liberalism and economic liberty / Jeppe von Platz and John Tomasi -- 12. Liberalism and religion/ Nicholas Wolterstorff -- 13. Liberalism and multiculturalism / Daniel Weinstock -- 14. Liberalism and nationalism / Paul Kelly -- Part IV. Challenges: 15. Feminist critiques of liberalism / Linda M. G. Zerilli -- 16. The republican critique of liberalism / Frank Lovett -- 17. The conservative critique of liberalism / John Skorupski.

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March 16, 2015 gets a full upgrade - 16 March 2015

We are very excited to let you know about the brand new version of! Our full site revamp includes a comprehensive suite of upgrades, thanks to feedback we've received from our many subscribers. We listened and now you can benefit from the results of our teamwork!

Please take a moment to check out these new features:

Responsive user interface 
The reboot means you'll have a fluid viewing experience, whether you're using a computer, mobile phone or tablet.

Latest Additions & Simplified Categories 
We've made it easier to find new content with our Latest Additions category that appears at the top of the Categories menu. We've also recast our top-level category navigation to simplify your browsing.
Expanded Curriculum Correlations 
Looking for programs that fit a particular course? Look no further. Our new Resources section helps you find titles suitable for specific courses in provincial K-12 curricula from coast-to-coast.

New Guides section
Our new Resources section does double duty!
It also provides you with an easy way to find all the teacher resource guides we offer (more then 900!)

Advanced Search 
Our basic keyword search pulls data from fields like program title, series name and description. And now our new Advanced Search allows you to refine your search based on production year, language, age group, file type or captioning availability.

Improved Playlists function 
Your ability to create Playlists just got better! If you haven't taken advantage of this feature yet, start curating your own custom collections of audio and video now.

Account Management 
For teachers, the new account section allows you to easily change your age group restrictions and subscribe to our mailing list. For group administrators, this section now boasts more complete group management capabilities: age group restrictions, proxy settings, a list of current members and new metadata tools allowing you to generate MARC records on your own criteria.
We hope this re-launch makes a difference in your classrooms!

The Team

March 10, 2015

Artstor Update - March 2015

March is Women's History Month, and the Artstor Digital Library offers a variety of excellent resources to support Women's Studies, from historical photographs to masterpieces by women artists. Here is a short list of our favourite blog posts about women:

Now available: San Francisco Museum of Modern Art
Ben Shahn | Untitled (Four Men, One Playing a Guitar) | ca. 1930s
Ben Shahn | Untitled (Four Men, One Playing a Guitar) | ca. 1930s | Art © Estate of Ben Shahn/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY. This work of art is protected by copyright and/or related rights and may not be reproduced in any manner, except as permitted under the ARTstor Digital Library Terms and Conditions of Use, without the prior express written authorization of VAGA, 350 Fifth Avenue, Suite 2820, New York, NY 10118. Tel.: 212-736-6666, fax: 212-736-6767, email:
Artstor and the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA) are now sharing more than 300 additional images of modern and contemporary art in the Digital Library. The 1,300 images now available in Artstor consist of highlights from the museum’s permanent collection of modern and contemporary art.
International in scope, SFMOMA‘s permanent collection includes more than 26,000 works of painting, sculpture, photography, architecture and design, and media arts from 1900 to the present. Artists represented include: Robert Arneson, Robert Bechtle, Elmer Bischoff, Louise Bourgeois, Joan Brown, Jay DeFeo, Richard Diebenkorn, Dan Flavin, Sam Francis, Philip Guston, Sargent Johnson, Ellsworth Kelly, Dorothea Lange, Sol LeWitt, Nathan Oliveira, David Park, Robert Rauschenberg, Doris Salcedo, Richard Serra, Clyfford Still, Wayne Thiebaud, and Edward Weston, among others.
Jamini Roy, Queen on Horseback. University of Florida: Harn Museum of Art
Jamini Roy, Queen on Horseback. University of Florida: Harn Museum of Art
Artstor and the University of Florida are now sharing more than 700 images from the Samuel P. Harn Museum of Art in the Digital Library.
The images are a selection of artworks representing the Samuel P. Harn Museum of Art’s five core collecting areas: African art, Asian art, modern art, contemporary art, and photography, as well as its holdings of Ancient American art, Oceanic art, and Prints and Drawings before 1850.
As an integral part of the University of Florida, the museum advances teaching and research and serves as a catalyst for creative engagement between the university and diverse local, state, national and international audiences. Continue Reading »
artstor_logo_rgb2Artstor and the Garth Greenan Gallery have collaborated to release 20 images of works by contemporary artist Howardena Pindell in the Digital Library.
Howardena Pindell (b.1943) explores issues of racism, feminism, violence, slavery, and exploitation through the language of abstraction. She is known for her use of unconventional materials in her otherwise formalist paintings, including string, perfume, glitter, and postcards. Pindell also occasionally works in video.
Pindell was a founding member of feminist art collective AIR Galleries in 1972, and her art has been exhibited at the Studio Museum in Harlem, Walker Art Center, Philadelphia Museum of Art, and the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles. Pindell’s work is included in the permanent collections of MoMA, the Whitney Museum of American Art, and the Yale University Art Museum. Continue Reading »
Diego Rivera, Cruzando La Barranca/Crossing the Barranca, 1929-1930; Photo: Bob Schalkwijk © 2012 Artists Rights Society (ARS), INBA
Diego Rivera, Cruzando La Barranca/Crossing the Barranca, 1929-1930; Photo: Bob Schalkwijk © 2012 Artists Rights Society (ARS), INBA
Artstor and Bob Schalkwijk have just released more than 2,100 images selected from the photographer’s archives of pre-Columbian, colonial, and 19th- and 20th-century art from Mexico in the Digital Library. The collection in Artstor focuses on murals by renowned artists such as Diego Rivera, David Alfaro Siqueiros, and José Clemente Orozco, as well as more than 50 artworks by Frida Kahlo. This is the first release of an anticipated total of 3,000 images.
An accomplished anthropological photographer, Bob Schalkwijk began his career in 1960 in Mexico. In addition to his photography of Mexican art, Schalkwijk’s work documents indigenous traditions, culinary customs, sculptures, arts and crafts, and local dress. He has traveled throughout four continents and most of Mexico focusing on people, their environment, and their culture. His archives of more than 400,000 photographs range from portraits to landscapes throughout the world.
artstor_logo_rgb2Artstor and Bryn Mawr College are collaborating to release nearly 1,000 photographs in the Digital Library by Richard S. Ellis of buildings and archaeological sites in Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Greece, Egypt, and Sudan. The images will also be available through the Images for Academic Publishing (IAP).
Richard S. Ellis, Professor Emeritus of Classical and Near Eastern Archaeology, taught at Bryn Mawr College from 1973 to 2004. He is the author of a book, Foundation Deposits in Ancient Mesopotamia, and numerous articles on the art and archaeology of Mesopotamia and Turkey. He directed the Bryn Mawr College excavations at Gritille on the Euphrates in Turkey, a site which ranged from the Neolithic through Medieval periods.

The secret names of Italian Renaissance artists

Rosso Fiorentino (Giovanni Battista di Jacopo), Angel Playing a Lute, 1521, Galleria degli Uffizi. Image and original data provided by SCALA, Florence/ART RESOURCE, N.Y.;;; (c) 2006, SCALA, Florence/ART RESOURCE, N.Y.
Rosso Fiorentino (Giovanni Battista di Jacopo), Angel Playing a Lute; detail, 1521, Galleria degli Uffizi. Image and original data provided by SCALA, Florence/ART RESOURCE, N.Y.;;; (c) 2006, SCALA, Florence/ART RESOURCE, N.Y.
Have you ever wondered why you rarely see the names of the greats from the Italian Renaissance reoccur in art history?  Why do we not see more than one artist with names such as Ghirlandaio, Masaccio, or Tintoretto? It’s because a lot of these were not really names, they were nicknames! Some, like Verrocchio (“true eye”), were flattering, while others, like Guercino (“squinter”), not so much.
Here’s a list of some of the most memorable names from the Renaissance and what they really mean:

March 09, 2015

Shakespeare Folio found in French library

A rare and valuable Shakespeare First Folio, regarded as the most important book in English literature, has been discovered in a small French town.
The book had lain undisturbed in a library in Saint-Omer, near Calais in northern France, for 200 years.
It was discovered by librarians planning an exhibition on the historic links between the region and England.
"The work has several pages missing, including the title page," librarian Remy Cordonnier told the press.
The loss of the first page and introductory material may have led to the book being catalogued as an unexceptional old edition, he added.
The Folio collects 36 of Shakespeare's 38 known plays for the first time, and was originally printed in 1623, seven years after the playwright's death.

Edited by his friends and fellow actors John Heminges and Henry Condell, it is credited with being the reason his literary legacy survived. It is the only source for 18 of his plays, including Macbeth.
It is thought that 800 copies were produced, of which 233 are believed to still exist.

Start QuoteI

New discoveries are made roughly once a decade, and they are scrutinized by scholars for minor variations (each copy is different) and what they might reveal about Shakespeare's intentions.
They rarely change hands but one of the last Folios to be sold at auction, in 2006, fetched £2.8m (£3.6m adjusted for inflation).
The copy discovered in Saint-Omer is one of only two known to reside in France.

Handwritten notes
Mr Cordonnier, who runs the library's rare books collection, said he had not initially realised the significance of his find.
"I didn't instantly recognise it as a book of value," he said. "It had been heavily used and was damaged. It had seen better days.
"[But] It occurred to me that it could be an unidentified First Folio, with historic importance and great intellectual value."
The librarian contacted one of the world's foremost authorities on Shakespeare, Professor Eric Rasmussen of the University of Nevada, who happened to be in London working at the British Library.
"He was very interested by the elements I had sent him by mail and said he would come over and take a look," said Mr Cordonnier.
Prof Rasmussen took the Eurostar to France last Saturday and authenticated the Folio within five minutes.
"This is huge," he told the New York Times. "First folios don't turn up very often, and when they do, it's usually a really chewed up, uninteresting copy. But this one is magnificent."
"It was very emotional to realize we had a copy of one of the most famous books in the world," said Mr Cordonnier. "I was already imagining the reaction it would cause."
The Folio contains several handwritten notes, which may illuminate how the plays were performed in Shakespeare's time.
In one scene from Henry IV, the word "hostess" is changed to "host" and "wench" to "fellow" - possibly reflecting an early performance where a female character was turned into a male.
The library says it has no plans to sell the book but intends to display it as the centrepiece of the forthcoming exhibition of its rare books by English authors.
However, the Folio is not the rarest book the Saint-Omer library owns. It also has a Gutenberg Bible, of which fewer than 50 are known to survive.

Science Has Great News for People Who Read Actual Books

It's no secret that reading is good for you. Just six minutes of reading is enough to reduce stress by 68%, and numerous studies have shown that reading keeps your brain functioning effectively as you age. One study even found that elderly individuals who read regularly are 2.5 times less likely to develop Alzheimer's than their peers. But not all forms of reading are created equal.
The debate between paper books and e-readers has been vicious since the first Kindle came out in 2007. Most arguments have been about the sentimental versus the practical, between people who prefer how paper pages feel in their hands and people who argue for the practicality of e-readers. But now science has weighed in, and the studies are on the side of paper books. 
Reading in print helps with comprehension. 
A 2014 study found that readers of a short mystery story on a Kindle were significantly worse at remembering the order of events than those who read the same story in paperback. Lead researcher Anne Mangen of Norway's Stavanger University concluded that "the haptic and tactile feedback of a Kindle does not provide the same support for mental reconstruction of a story as a print pocket book does."
Our brains were not designed for reading, but have adapted and created new circuits to understand letters and texts. The brain reads by constructing a mental representation of the text based on the placement of the page in the book and the word on the page. 
The tactile experience of a book aids this process, from the thickness of the pages in your hands as you progress through the story to the placement of a word on the page. Mangen hypothesizes that the difference for Kindle readers "might have something to do with the fact that the fixity of a text on paper, and this very gradual unfolding of paper as you progress through a story is some kind of sensory offload, supporting the visual sense of progress when you're reading."
While e-readers try to recreate the sensation of turning pages and pagination, the screen is limited to one ephemeral virtual page. Surveys about the use of e-readers suggest that this affects a reader's serendipity and sense of control. The inability to flip back to previous pages or control the text physically, either through making written notes or bending pages, limits one's sensory experience and thus reduces long-term memory of the text. 
Reading long sentences without links is a skill you need — but can lose if you don't practice. 
Reading long, literary sentences sans links and distractions is actually a serious skill that you lose if you don't use it. Before the Internet, the brain read in a linear fashion, taking advantage of sensory details to remember where key information was in the book by layout. 
As we increasingly read on screens, our reading habits have adapted to skim text rather than really absorb the meaning. A 2006 study found that people read on screens in an "F" pattern, reading the entire top line but then only scanning through the text along the left side of the page. This sort of nonlinear reading reduces comprehension and actually makes it more difficult to focus the next time you sit down with a longer piece of text.

Tufts University neuroscientist Maryanne Wolf worries that "the superficial way we read during the day is affecting us when we have to read with more in-depth processing." Individuals are increasingly finding it difficult to sit down and immerse themselves in a novel. As a result, some researchers and literature-lovers have started a "slow reading" movement, as a way to counteract their difficulty making it through a book. 

Reading in a slow, focused, undistracted way is good for your brain.
Slow-reading advocates recommend at least 30 to 45 minutes of daily reading away from the distractions of modern technology. By doing so, the brain can reengage with linear reading. The benefits of making slow reading a regular habit are numerous, reducing stress and improving your ability to concentrate. 
Regular reading also increases empathy, especially when reading a print book. One study discovered that individuals who read an upsetting short story on an iPad were less empathetic and experienced less transportation and immersion than those who read on paper. 
Reading an old-fashioned novel is also linked to improving sleep. When many of us spend our days in front of screens, it can be hard to signal to our body that it's time to sleep. By reading a paper book about an hour before bed, your brain enters a new zone, distinct from that enacted by reading on an e-reader. 
Three-quarters of Americans 18 and older report reading at least one book in the past year, a number which has fallen, and e-books currently make up between 15 to 20% of all book sales. In this increasingly Twitter- and TV-centric world, it's the regular readers, the ones who take a break from technology to pick up a paper book, who have a serious advantage on the rest of us. 
I'm an avid reader, an enthusiastic eater, a slow but determined runner, and a proud feminist. And a smiler. I'm a big fan of smiles. @RachelSGrate